Holy Cross – 14 September
This is a day of celebration of Jesus’ cross recovered. The cross was found by St. Helena in year 320
Helena was the mother of Emperor Constantine and the patron saint of retrieval of lost or stolen items. According to legend, Helena found three crosses with four rivets on 14 september. Crosses were found in a well right at Calvary. She did not know what Jesus was crucified. To find the right was a dead woman laid on the crosses. When she was put on the cross she woke to life.
- 1741 – George Frideric Handel completes his oratorio Messiah
- 1752 – The British Empire adopts the Gregorian calendar, skipping eleven days (the previous day was September 2).
- 1808 – Finnish War: Russians defeat the Swedes in the bloody Battle of Oravais.
- 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: The French Grande Armée enters Moscow. The Fire of Moscow begins as soon as Russian troops leave the city.
- 1814 – The poem Defence of Fort McHenry is written by Francis Scott Key. The poem is later used as the lyrics of The Star-Spangled Banner.
- 1829 – The Ottoman Empire signs the Treaty of Adrianople with Russia, thus ending the Russo-Turkish War.
- 1846 – Jang Bahadur and his brothers massacre about 40 members of the Nepalese palace court.
- 1847 – Mexican-American War: Winfield Scott captures Mexico City.
Holidays and observances
- Christian Feast Day:
- Feast of the Cross (Christianity)
- Formerly, the Wednesday, Friday and Saturday following 14 September were observed as one of the four sets of Ember days. In the Irish calendar they were known as Quarter tense. (Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches)
- Brazil – Days of the City in:
- India — Hindi Day as Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi as the Official Language of the Union on 14th September 1949.
- Mexico — Day of the State of Chiapas entry into the Union.
- Nicaragua — Day of San Jacinto (1856).
- Venezuela — Day of the City in Barquisimeto (1552, the State of Lara.
I like history, and find Wikipedia an endless resource of unuseful information,
but thank you anyway !