Aug. 3rd. – Viking King Olav declared a Saint, and give a Christian burial

August 3 is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 150 days remaining until the end of the year.

1031 – Olaf II of Norway is canonized as Saint Olaf by Grimketel, the English Bishop of Selsey.

Viking King Olav had been buried for a whole year in non blessed ground. He was killed in the battle of Stiklestad in 1030. The Battle of Stiklestad (NorwegianSlaget ved StiklestadOld NorseStiklarstaðir) in 1030 is one of the most famous battles in the history of Norway. In this battle, King Olaf II of Norway (Old Norse: Óláfr Haraldsson) was killed. He was later canonized.[1] His younger half-brother, Harald Sigurdsson, was also present at the battle and would in 1047 go on to become King of Norway, only to die in a failed invasion of England in the Battle of Stamford Bridge in 1066.

File:Arbo-Olav den helliges fall i slaget på Stiklestad.jpg

Date 29 July 1030 (trad.)
Location StiklestadNorway
Result Decisive Peasant Army victory

According to saga sources, he traveled with his 3,600 man army through Sweden and crossed the mountains into the valley of Verdal (Old Norse:Veradalr), about 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of the city of Trondheim. Olaf and his men arrived at Stiklestad, a farm in the lower part of the valley. This was where the Battle of Stiklestad took place, as described by Snorri Sturluson in his famous work Heimskringla, written about 200 years later.

At Stiklestad, Olaf met an army led by Harek from Tjøtta (Old Norse: Hárekr ór Þjóttu), Thorir Hund (Old Norse: Þórir Hundr) from Bjarkøy and Kalf Arnason (Old Norse: Kálfr Árnason), a man who previously served Olaf. The peasant army consisted of one hundred-hundred according to Snorri, which was intended to mean 14,400, and not 10,000[clarification needed]. He states that the battle cry of Olaf’s men was Fram! Fram! Kristmenn, krossmenn, kongsmenn! (Forward! Forward! Men of Christ, men of the cross, men of the king!), while that of the opposing army was Fram! Fram! Bonder! (Forward! Forward! farmers!).

According to Snorri, Olaf received three severe wounds—in the knee, in the neck, and leaning against a large stone the final mortal spear thrust up under his mail shirt and into his belly. While earlier sources do not specify who dealt the king his blows, Snorri makes Thorir Hund responsible for the latter, using the spear that had killed his nephew and set the fallout between the kind and Thorir in motion. The kings body was carried away and buried secretly in the sandy banks of the Nidelva River south of the city of Trondheim.[2]

The year after the battle his grave and coffin were opened and according to Snorri Sturluson the body was incorrupt and the hair and nails had grown since he was buried. The coffin was then moved to St. Klement’s Church in Trondheim. Olav came to be venerated as a saint and given the name Saint Olaf (NorwegianOlav den Hellige). Stiklestad Church (Stiklestad kyrkje) was erected on top of the stone against which he died. The stone is supposedly still inside the altar of the church.

On August 3rd. year 1031 he was canonized and

given a Christian burial in Holy ground.

One hundred years later, Nidaros Cathedral was built in Trondheim on the site of his original burial place. Olaf’s body was moved to this church and enshrined in a silver reliquary behind the high altar.

I am celebrating his memory with some appropiate blueberry moonshine.

Advertisements
This entry was posted in Correspondence, Education, Misc, Moments and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.